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Mar 9, 2021

UTIs: sex differences / antibiotics / self-diagnosis / cranberry juice / probiotics / D-mannose / drinking water / peeing after sex / contraception / topical estrogen. iPhone 12’s effect on pacemakers and implanted defibrillators. COVID-19 vaccines: Johnson & Johnson’s / AstraZeneca’s / variants / scams.


* Jingle by Joseph Hackl

* Theme music: “Fall of the Ocean Queen“ by Joseph Hackl.

* Assistant researcher: Nicholas Koziris


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1) Statistics from the American Urological Association:


2) Urinary Tract Infection Syndromes: Occurrence, Recurrence, Bacteriology, Risk Factors, and Disease Burden:


3) Patient-initiated treatment of uncomplicated recurrent urinary tract infections in young women:


4) Antibiotic sparing strategy:


5) Cochrane review on Cranberries for preventing urinary tract infections:


6) Cranberry Extract for Symptoms of Acute, Uncomplicated Urinary Tract Infection: A Systematic Review:


7) Cochrane review on Probiotics for preventing urinary tract infections in adults and children:


8) Systematic review of the literature on D-mannose for recurrent UTIs:


9) Fluid intake to prevent recurrent UTIs:


10) Prevention and treatment of uncomplicated lower urinary tract infections in the era of increasing antimicrobial resistance-non-antibiotic approaches: a systemic review:


11) The Role of Asymptomatic Bacteriuria in Young Women With Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections: To Treat or Not to Treat?


12) INESSS Antibiotic Guidelines:




Music Credits:


Joy And Optimism (loopable) by chilledmusic




Long Road Ahead by Kevin MacLeod